In the past I had a problem when it came to the term "spiritual death," because of the connection it has with the Calvinistic teaching.
"Spiritual death" simply means a "moral and relational" separation from God and never has to do with infants. Infants do not come into this world morally and relationally separated from God. The Bible teaches that infants are born morally innocent (2 Kings 14:6; 21:16; 24:4; Joel 3:19), that children are born innocent with no knowledge of good or evil (Rom. 9:11, Ecc. 7:29, Duet. 1:39). Infants do not go to hell when they die (Matt. 19:14 Mark 10:14; Luke 18:16).
Question: How do you explain the fact that humans die?
Man physically dies because they have no access to the Tree of Life.
We have this idea that Adam was created immortal, which the Bible says he was not (1 Cor. 15:47-50). If Adam and Eve had to eat the fruit of the Tree of Life to become IMMORTAL, then they were created mortal to begin with!
Physical death is a natural part of existence, from the first human beings and even with animals. Before Adam and Eve ate of the Tree of The Knowledge of Good and Evil, the animals had to be fruitful and multiply since they needed to replace themselves (Gen. 1:21-22), and the same thing was said to Adam and Eve before they ate from the wrong tree! (Gen. 1:28) So physical death did not come into this world because of Adam's sin.
Sin is a choice, not a constitution. Sin is a transgression of law (1 John 3:4) and conscience (James 4:17). If sin is a choice it cancels out constitution, if sin is in our constitution it cancels out the choice.
Now, if "physical death" is referred to in Romans 5:12 as a result from Adam's sin, then it can no longer be a result from "personal" sin. In Romans 5:12 it states," Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world and death by sin and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned." The death in Romans 5:12 deals with personal transgression... "for all have sinned." Spiritual death comes by sinning. The word "have" indicates an activity on every individual's part since sin is voluntary. All that have sinned are the ones who have sinned. Sin is not imputed to babies (Rom. 5:14). Infant children are innocent if they were to die in infancy since they are neither guilty of evil nor praise worthy of good since they have no moral character yet (Rom. 9:11). A child must know to do right before they will be charged for doing wrong (Jas. 4:17). So this is not referring to infants, for infants cannot make moral choices.
However, when a person comes to maturity where he knows the difference between good and evil, to do what is right and instead does wrong, they sin and consequently come under the wrath of God as a result of them misusing their free wills. (Rom.1:18-21; 2:12-15; Rom.6:16). So the type of death that comes upon individuals for their own personal sin is not physical, but spiritual (Eze.18:4, 20). This spiritual death (severed relationship with God) comes by personal disobedience to light.(Jas. 4:17; Heb.7:26; 1John 1:5) It is addressing spiritual death that passes upon all men, for that all have sinned (v.12). Not in Adam! It doesn't say that all have sinned in Adam. This is why there was a group of people (not babies) who were spiritually dead between Adam and Moses (v.14). So death (spiritual) still reigned over those who had NOT sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression, meaning they were sinning against the law of their conscience (James 4:17).
Sin is optional, not a necessity of nature. All who choose to sin become spiritually dead in their sins. But just as a person may choose to sin (which we all have) they must also choose to reject the created habits. This is possible through the freedom of the will and God given nature. If sin were physical (as the Calvinist say) this would not be true, but sin is moral so the will is always in play...always able to choose vice or virtue...otherwise we're robots!
Michael Pearl teaches that Roman 5:12 is referring to [physical] death and that [physical] death is the condemnation that went out upon all of Adam's descendents, but Romans 5:12 is speaking of a death that comes upon all men for their own personal transgression ("for all have sinned"). And it is only upon a person sinning that they can experience condemnation (Eze. 18:4,20; Eph.5:5-7), since condemnation and justification are completely conditioned upon a persons personal choices, not Adam's.
Those who decide by free will to follow Adam are spiritually dead in their sins (i.e. separated from God relationally Isa. 59:2), without righteousness (Rom. 6:20) and will receive the punishment of hell fire, eternal death (2Thess.1:9; Rev.21:8 ). BUT, those who choose to follow Christ will be spiritually alive (reconciled relationally to God Jn.17:3; Rom. 5:10; Col.1:21) without sin (Rom.6:7; 11,13; 8:10) and will receive eternal life in the world to come (Mk.10:30).
If Paul were not speaking of '"spiritual death" in Rom.5:12, he would then be teaching what is known as "positional righteousness" in Rom 6, 7, 8. WHY?
"Knowing this that our old man was crucified with Him that the body of sin might be done away with, that we should no longer be slaves of sin. (Here it is...) For he who has DIED has been freed from sin." (Rom.6:6-7)
It's very easy to see that "Baptism of repentance" which happens in "initial salvation" is a "spiritual regeneration" (Rom.6:4-7; Jn. 3:3; Titus 3:5). The problem is, if Paul were referring to [physical] death in Rom. 5:12, then he is also referring to [physical] death here in Rom. 6:7. Therefore Paul was teaching that a person must [physically] die to be "freed from sin." (Rom.6:7) This then makes Rom. 6, 7, 8 all POSITIONAL, rather than PRACTICAL. This is a very dangerous teaching!
"Likewise you also reckon yourselves dead indeed to sin, but alive to God in Christ Jesus our Lord." (Rom.6:11)
This must be done positionally (counting yourself dead to sin)..since sin will be with you until you [physically] die according to Michael Pearl who teaches the physical death position. (Rom. 6:7)
Question: How can someone be "set free from sin" (Rom. 6:18 ), but still NOT be set free from sin, since you have yet to [physically] die? (Rom.6:7) This is where imputed righteousness comes in to play.
Romans 7:5, 14-25...must also all be taken in positionally since you must [physically] die according to Paul in Rom. 6:7 to be "freed from sin." Pearl rejects Rom. 7:14-23 as being the normal Christian life (since it was directed at unsaved Jews, Rom.7:1), but by teaching there is only one type of death in the scriptures (i.e PHYSICAL) he cancels out his commentary and refutes his own position of Paul's penmanship. How? Simple....by teaching that Rom. 5:12 is speaking of [physical] death necessitates Rom.6:7 to be speaking about [physical death].
Pearl rejects the sin nature, but His position on the meaning of "death" leaves the sin nature in tack (somehow) since you cannot be freed from sin until you [physically] die!!! (Rom.6:7) This is where I see a problem with a teacher who rejects original sin and holds on to a doctrine like imputed righteousness.
The same condemnation that is found in Rom. 5:16, 18 is found in Rom.8:1. Since the condemnation is due to Adam's transgression and is referring to physical death (as Pearl says) that was unconditionally imputed to all his descendents (that is condemnation was imputed), then there is in fact condemnation for those who are in Christ since they are physically still alive! (Rom.5:18; 8:1) This might be another reason why Pearl holds to imputed righteousness....the blood must cover, not purge.
"For to be carnally minded (phron?ma=purposed) is [physical] death, but to be spiritually minded (phron?ma=purposed) is life and peace." (Rom.8:6) Huh? How? if death only has one meaning...how does Pearl explain this verse?
"For if you live according to the flesh you will [physically] die..." (Rom.8:13) ???
So this is the problem of Romans. 5:12 with death being 'physical'...it necessitates positional righteousness. It is "spiritual death" in Rom.5:12, not physical. I see the influence and effects of Adam's sin led unto the condemnation of all people..that is...upon all those who choose to sin by their own free will and follow Adam's example will come under the wrath of God.
Pearl's rejection of original sin but acceptance of imputed righteousness would be like me teaching the sin nature and telling people to obey God. It DOESN'T WORK. If you're born a sinner, you MUST have imputed righteousness; however, if you're born morally innocent, then you must obey from the heart! (Rom.6:16-17)
Take Romans 5:16 "And not as it was by the one that sinned, so is the gift: for the judgment was by one to condemnation, but the free gift is of many offenses unto justification." The two examples and their work are yet again being contrasted.. Adam's influence and sin resulted unto condemnation...while Christ obedience resulted in a free gift unto justification. Let me point out that it does not say that the sin of one condemned them all, but rather that the sin of one led to the condemnation of them all. This is because condemnation and justification are both CONDITIONAL, not unconditionally universal as Pearl says. Condemnation can only come upon personal transgression, while justification comes freely through the process of repentance and faith. (Acts 11:18; 20:21; 2Cor.7:10-11)
I see a state of spiritual deadness as a state of relational separation from God DUE to moral disobedience. I do not believe there are any morals in the metaphysics of man. For example. I attended a funeral a while back. Upon seeing the deceased it was obvious there was no vice nor virtue in the corpse. The body is simply an instrument for the soul (2Pet. 1:13-14). This instrument can be used for "righteousness" or unrighteousness" (Rom.6:13). Yielding your instrument to sin leads to death while obedience leads to righteousness (Rom.6:16).
If Adam's sin has caused the whole human race to physically disease and decease, then how does our personal sin lead to physical death---again? (Rom. 6:23) If the spirit cannot die, then Christ would have to be joined with sinners, but if the spirit can die then Christ must be separated from sinners (Heb. 7:26).
Now, if two persons are separated that must mean they are no longer joined although they both actually live. This is the same thing as "spiritual death." Nothing physically dies, but rather separates. Bible says God must be separated from all sin (1Jn. 1:5; 3:5; Heb. 7:26). Although the souls will live on, the source of life will be cut off. Can they rejoin? Sure, if they can be reconciled.
King David who fell into murder and adultery with his beautiful neighbor Bathsheeba (2Sam. 11-12) is said by many to have only lost his joy of salvation or maybe some loss of rewards (Psa. 51:12) but not his spiritual state with God. Since king David was an "elect" they say he could grieve the spirit, but never quench it. However, Ezekiel said something totally different.
"But when a righteousness man turns away from his righteousness and commits iniquity, and does according to all the abominations that the wicked man does, shall he live? (The answer to this question has eternal consequences) All the righteousness which he has done shall not be remembered; because of the unfaithfulness of which he is guilty and the sin which he has committed, because of them he shall die." (Eze. 18:24)
How could Ezekiel be referring to physical death when Judaism teaches man is created mortal and which the Bible supports? This is how we know that king David was NOT in a safe "spiritual" condition until he found godly sorrow in Psalms 51. Hence, David lost his justification and fell back under condemnation DUE to the fact he transgressed known law (1Jn.3:4; Jas. 4:17; Rom. 8:13). Although king David's soul was still alive (since he was physically walking about) his communication with God was severed for those 8 months until he found repentance.
Can the spirit die? Jesus said it could.
"...for this my son was dead [morally and spiritually] and is alive [relationally] again." (Lk.15:24; 32)
"...He that...believeth...is passed from [moral and spiritual] death unto life [relationship]." (Jn.5:24)
" Awake, thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead [moral and spiritual], and Christ shall give thee light." (Eph.5:14)
"...yield yourselves unto God, as those that are [relationally] alive from the dead [moral and spiritual]." (Rom. 6:13)
" And you being [morally and spiritually] dead in your sins...hath he made [relationally] alive together with him, having forgiven you all trespasses." (Col. 2:13)
" We know that we have passed from [moral and spiritual] death unto life [relationship]." (1Jn. 3:14)
Spiritual death means being out of touch with God and righteousness, which means that a person who is out of touch with God has no righteousness (Rom.6:20) and therefore must reinforce only unrighteousness. And since all unrighteousness is sin (1Jn. 5:17) the unrighteous are sinners. (1Jn. 3:7-10), and must by necessity be separated from God (Heb.7:26) due to their wicked works (Col.2:13), not birth!
"Spiritual death" comes ONLY by sinning! Since sin is moral issue which is a transgression of the law and conscience, and babies are not able to make moral decisions, they are morally neutral! (2Kings 14:6; Deu. 24:16; 2Chr. 25:4; Eze. 18:2-4; Eze. 18:19-20) Babies are innocent. Their souls do NOT come from their parents, but rather from God in its spiritual condition (Eze.18:4). Children are not guilty of evil, nor worthy of praise until they are able to make their own decisions (Rom.9:11). They have to come to the age of accountability where they know to do right and do wrong....thus sin. (Jas. 4:17) This sin is not by necessity, but rather by choice. (Jas.1:13-15). This is why every human is responsible for the "things done in the body" and is judged "according to what he/she has done, whether it be good or bad." (2Cor. 5:10)
The founder of Calvinism said we were born "lumps of sin." (i.e Augustine of Hippo) I do not believe that John Calvin was a regenerate born again believer. He took his theology from a man who thought babies could be regenerated by baptism? Of course Calvinism holds to total depravity. If they didn't, their heresy would all fall down (_.U.L.I.P?). Basically, Calvinism is modern day Manicheanism, which is Gnostic. Denial of mans "free will" is a heathen belief, just like dualism! (i.e. the sinful nature) If man cannot respond to the call of the Spirit, then man is not a man but rather a preprogrammed robot. If men can't repent no more than ice can burn, God is a liar. (Mk. 1:15; Lk. 13:3,5; Acts 11:18, 17:30; 26:18-20) If man is OSAS (Once Saved Always Saved), the Son of man was a liar (Matt.10:22; Lk.13:24).
James also said:
"Therefore lay aside ALL filthiness and overflow of wickedness and "receive" with meekness the implanted word, which is able to save your souls. But be doers of the word and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves. (Jas.1:21-22)
What do the Calvinists say about that?
If the Calvinists have it right, then that means God must by necessity save people in their sins. Since they are incapable of responding to the call of repentance proven by deeds and faith working by love, they would have to be compelled [by God] and forced against their own will [by God] to do something they never wanted to do..that being of course...love God. Calvinsim is heresy!
Keep in mind the day that Adam sinned against God he "spiritually died" (Gen.2:17) Spiritual death comes by personal sin, not Adam's. If one were to say that physical death is a result from Adam's sin, then it would stand to reason that we do not physically die for our own personal transgressions...but yet "she that lives in pleasure is dead while she lives." (1Tim,5:6) Is she physically dead or spiritually dead? Can you even be physically dead while you physically live? If the spirit cannot die how is she dead while she still lives? This is percisely what happened in the garden. God said "You shall not eat from the tree for IN THAT DAY you shall surely die." (Gen. 2:17) Did Adam physically die the moment he ate from the tree? NO. Scriptures say Adam lived to be 930 years old...then he died. (Gen. 5:5) So the death God was speaking of in Gen. 2:17 must have been referring to the relational ends of things... spiritual death.
The Bible doesn't teach that babies are to be baptized, nor that any babies are born with "physical sin" or some stuff lodged in behind their will that will necessitate them to sin at the age of reason. Doctrine of original sin is pagan, not Christian! Augustine was a Gnostic and Calvin was a murderer! If babies are born dead, wicked, and doomed for the pit (to the praise of Calvins god's glory), then God lies...since he said he has no pleasure in the death of the wicked (Eze.18:32; 2Pet.3:9), when in fact he DOES, according to Calvin's god!
Their is no such thing as 'physical sin'. If that were so we could have it surgically removed!
There is a man I know from Scotland, who actually teaches that sin is a substance! He says, "Sin is a substance that is wicked and evil, it lieth at the door," and then quotes Genesis 4:7. He further states, "But as Cain had a choice to subdue it or act upon it, we also have this choice (freewill). Sin is a substance, just like virtue is a substance (Luke 8:46). This virtue went out of the Lord.
Total nonsense. God created all things, so we are now to believe that God created sin? Sin is not a substance, spirit, or matter. It has no physical properties. It is physically impossible to be born a sinner because of the nature of sin. It has no physical properties and therefore cannot be passed on physically from one person to the next. The Bible tells us what sin is, "Sin is the transgression of the law" (1 John 3:4). According to the Bible, sin is an act or a choice on the person's part who transgresses the law of God. It cannot be a substance because choice and substance are contradictories. Is a wicked act a substance? Is guilt a substance? Is obedience, transgression, lawbreaking or unrighteousness a substance?
The word sin describes the character of an act as being wicked or wrong. Even in the New Testament it tells us why Cain slew his brother, "Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And wherefore slew he him? In other words, WHY did he murder him? "Because HIS OWN WORKS WERE EVIL, and his brother's righteous." It had to do with his works, NOT the way of his birth. Sin is a MORAL issue and even the verse this gentleman quotes about Cain says Cain had a CHOICE. "If thou DOEST WELL, shalt thou not be accepted? and if thou doest NOT WELL...." Nothing necessitated in Cain's will to HAVE to sin.
How ridiculous it is to make sin a physical virus instead of a voluntary and responsible choice. How foolish to speak of men being born sinners!
CONTRADICTIONS: The gentleman from Scotland contradicts himself, for he and his friends teach that man is born with this defect (sin substance...born sinners), that sin is a part of his makeup, that a born sinner is bent towards sinning, because it's their nature! Then turn around and preach that it's possible to obey, BUT the bottom line is....SIN WILL ALWAYS WIN OUT. They soothe this awful condition they were born with by Romans 7, which then gives them an excuse not to repent, but just feel sorry for themselves because of the birth defect they were born with, this substance! I believe he called it SIN! You're STUCK with it, period! You will always have to fight this "defect," this "substance" until you die. DEATH, not Christ becomes your Savior. You must WAIT for physical death to free you of this sin!
And here's the contradiction. They preach "free will." HOW can one have a free will if he is born a sinner, if it's his nature, if it's the birth defect he came into this world with, and he won't be free of it until he dies?? HOW can Jesus tell someone to SIN NO MORE if it's IMPOSSIBLE TO STOP SINNING?? HOW can Paul say, "Awake to righteousness, and DO NOT SIN...? Did they miss something here? Didn't Jesus and Paul know that it's absolutely impossible to stop sinning?? Didn't they realize that all of us were born incapable of stopping the sin?? Is this some MIND GAME Jesus, Paul and the other apostles were playing? Since, according to their thinking and teaching a person is born bent on doing evil, he has all the excuses found in Romans 7 for his sins, and speak of it as though Paul is teaching the normal Christian life! Ask anyone in your church!
This is totally anti-Christ, anti-bible and anti-logic! This is not the God of the Bible! This doctrine of Original Sin is rooted in Gnostic philosophy that is embraced by multitudes today. And the bottom line is that they have to make up all kinds of excuses and twisted ideas for the virgin birth (Augustine already had his) so that Jesus didn't get this substance called sin! The Bible tells us Jesus was FULLY HUMAN. HE TOOK ON A HUMAN BODY WITH HUMAN BLOOD. And if you contend that Christ did not take on human flesh then YOU ARE IN THE SPIRIT OF ANTICHRIST! (1 John 4:3) These people who teach this are not your friends! They are wolves in sheep clothing.
Sin is not a substance since there are no morals in substance. Adam, by his own free will, chose to transgress and consequently brought sin into the world and spiritual death comes by sin. (Rom.5:12) It is speaking of "spiritual death" through Adam. How? Not by imputation, but by following his EXAMPLE of disobedience. So "[spiritual] death passes upon all men for that all have sinned." (V.12) Babies come into the world spiritually neutral and innocent (2Kings 21:16; Joel 3:19) Sin is moral, not physical...so an infant child must come to an age where they can commit a moral crime.
So the day Adam transgressed God's commandment to not eat from the tree, the bible says he died. (Gen. 2:17) Since Adam was still physically alive, this can only mean he "spiritually died" meaning he became morally and spiritually dead in his sin and consequently had to be separated from God since God cannot fellowship or dwell with sin. (Heb. 7:26; 1Jn.1:5)John Calvin, like Augustine, failed to make a VITAL distinction, that metaphysics are NOT morals. There is no right and wrong in the SARX (flesh) by itself. It is only when the WILL is supremely committed to the sensibilities (flesh) OVER the intellect (moral light) that a person is "living according to the flesh" and spiritually dead. (Rom. 8:13)
Calvinism teaches that Adam's guilt and sinful nature were imputed to all his descendents. Therefore man is utterly corrupted and wicked by birth. They say man has this stuff lodged in behind his will that will necessitate him to sin at the age of reason. This is called the doctrine of Original Sin... which states that man is born with inbred sin and guilt from the first parents. Therefore their remedy to such a problem is INFANT BAPTISM! This baptism is supposed to wash another man's sin (Adam) that was imputed to them from over 6,000 years ago. City water doesn't clean anything!
Again, Romans 5:12 is speaking of personal sin...."for all have sinned." Sin is not imputed to babies (Rom. 5:14). They have to know to refuse the evil and choose the good before they can become sinners (Deut. 1:39; Isa. 7:15-16) Since sin is moral (1Jn. 3:4) how can an infant sin? It can't. Calvin and Wesely both would say by being born, but the bible says "God made man upright but [men] seek out many inventions. (Ecc. 7:29) When does the heart of man go after these schemes and inventions? Not from birth, but rather youth! (Gen. 8:21) Calvin did not divide the morals and metaphysics in a person, just like his doctrinal father Augustine.The verse in Romans is speaking to the influence and effects of Adam's sin which led to the condemnation of all men, upon all those who choose to sin by their own free will. There is no such thing as universal condemnation. Again, notice in Rom. 5:16 it does NOT say that the sin of one condemned them all, but that the sin of one led to the condemnation of them all. Condemnation is conditioned upon personal transgression and justification is conditioned upon repenting and believing. Men can only be condemned for their own personal sins (1Cor. 6:9; Rev. 21: and reconciliation requires a personal choice (2Cor. 5:20). Condemnation is the wrath of God that comes upon the sons of disobedience.(Jn. 3:36; Eph. 5:5-7) Romans 8:1 says, "There is therefore now no condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus, who do not walk according to the flesh, but according to the spirit." Again, condemnation is CONDITIONED upon a person's walk, it is not universal apart from choice. Condemnation is shown to be spiritual death..."For if you live according to the flesh you will [spiritually and morally] die." (Rom. 8:13), since being carnally minded is death. (Rom. 8:6)
Another question worth pondering is this...if the carnally minded (purposed) are dead, but still walking around, how are they dead? If condemnation is physical, and a person gets born again, are they still condemned since they are still in the flesh and condemnation is physical? How could there be no condemnation? (Rom. 8:1) Again, babies are born neutral so if they die in infancy they go to heaven (2Sam. 12:23; Matt. 19:14; 2Kings 21:16; 24:4; Joel 3:19) since they haven't done anything right or wrong (Rom.9:11) Since sin is moral (1Jn. 3:4; Jas. 4:17) an infant child must be passed the age of accountability (Jas. 4:17) to be guilty of anything..but until then they are innocent, since they have no sin to be punished for.
Transgression is NON transferable (Eze. 18:4; 20), just like Christ obedience is NON transferable (Jn. 15:10, 14). Transgression is not birth, but rather choice (Ecc. 7:29; 1Jn. 3:4). Since sin is choice, men must have the freedom to choose (Deut. 30:15-20; Rom. 6:16). Therefore it can only be upon a persons personal choice to submit to the desires of the flesh (over the intellect) that leads to death and condemnation. (Jn. 3:18-21)
This is seen all the way back in the garden. It was the natural (non sinful) physical lusts, cravings or desires of the flesh which was the source of temptation for Eve (Gen.3:6). She "saw that it was good for food", "pleasant to the eye", and "desired to make one wise." Although these desires are natural (not sinful), they did become sinful when Eve choose to submit to them (by free will) over the command of God to NOT eat from that tree (Gen.2:17). The result was deadly..that being in the spiritual sense (Jas. 1:13-15; Rom. 6:23).
Is this not what happens to humans who willingly choose to live according to the lust of the flesh rather than submitting their will to the truth of God revealed in their minds? Isn't this exactly what every sinner (transgressor) does? They reject the light that God has shown them and stay in their moral and spiritual darkness since they know coming to the light would expose them for what they really are (Jn. 3:18-21), being SELFISH! Wasn't this selfishness the very thing that got Satan cast out of heaven? (Isa. 14:13-15) Didn't he have some angels who followed him out? (Jude 6) Wasn't Adam and Eve's sin due to this same selfishness... choosing to gratify themselves (sensibilities for food and wisdom) over God's command of " thou shall not!" (Gen. 2:17). Absolutely!
This is why I see Adam's sin in the garden as a long lasting influence and EXAMPLE to all human beings. Since sin is not physical, Adam could NEVER have necessitated sinfulness into his descendents. Augustine thought that the souls of babies came from their parents, but they do not. Sure, our physical make up does (metaphysics), but our spirit comes from God. (Eze. 18:4; Zech. 12:1) As does our nature (Ecc. 7:29). This is why I see the spirit of man as being "morally neutral" and the nature of man as "upright" at birth. So I do not view children as having the "stamp of Satan" in their heart, nor do I see them as full of grace. Rather, I see them as morally "innocent" and amoral. (Joel. 3:19; Duet. 1:39; Rom. 9:11) However, I do believe that God has granted all humanity a gift of gifts..that being FREE WILL.
So why is it at the age of accountability (Jas. 4:17) ALL people choose to sin? (Rom. 3:23) The doctrine of Original Sin says that Adam's transgression was imputed to all his descendents and therefore counted (by God) to be their very own (impersonal) personal (non-present) present transgression! It was through the choice of Adam that men are not only born guilty (for another man's sin), but infected with a nature that necessitates them to do things they don't want to do! This Adamic STUFF that has lodged itself (somehow) behind the will of man not only puts babies under the wrath of God by BIRTH, but will also FORCE every human being to commit "actual" sin. This they say is why men sin.
If the above view were true, then we are no longer born humans, but rather pawns on God's chess board of fate. The Bible DOES NOT support this (Gen.4:7; Rom.6:16). However, I do see the scriptures supporting the contrasting view of Adam's EXAMPLE vs Christ EXAMPLE (Rom.5:12.15,19). Again, moral character is non transferable and therefore very original for each person. I see Adam's leading influence and EXAMPLE as being the building block to spiritual death of man..that is...when man chooses to follow Adam's EXAMPLE of disobedience and transgress God, they not only become morally condemned (Jn.3:19; Rom.5:16; 8:1), but must be spiritually separated from God since He cannot dwell with sin. (Heb. 7:26; 1Jn. 1:5)
I see adequate support from the scriptures that explain how it is "by one man's disobedience many were made sinners... (Rom. 5:19) But first, I want to be clear. This can not be speaking of necessitated sinfulness to all due to the sin of one. If it were, then we must also say "...so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous." (Rom. 5:19) Does the bible teach Christ makes men righteous APART from men choosing to repent and believe in the gospel? (Mk.1:15; 6:12) No, that would be universalism. However, there are some very clear points in the bible that show how people were "made" sinners.
Many Old Testament kings "made Israel to sin" (1Kng. 14:16; 15:26, 30, 34; 16:13, 26; 21:22; 22:52; 2Kng. 3:3; 10:29, 31; 13:2; 14:24; 15:9, 18, 24, 28; 21:11, 16; 23:15) this was done through their leading, influence and EXAMPLE they made Israel to sin. Also see: (Jer.50:6; Isa.3:12)
King Solomon was led (caused) to sin by foreign women (Neh. 13:26) that being through their leading influence and EXAMPLE.
Baal caused (lead, influenced, EXAMPLE) Judah to sin. (Jer. 32:35)
Scriptures show how through a person's leading influence and EXAMPLE, that even a little child can be caused to sin (Matt.18:6; Mk.9:42; Lk.17:2). Even the EXAMPLE and influence of a strong Christian can cause a weaker brother/sister to stumble (1 Cor.8:9) Paul spoke of taking heed the prior laid out EXAMPLES so we don't fall as they did (1Cor. 10:6, 11, 12) while the Hebrew writer says men could "fall" because of someone's "example of disobedience." (Heb. 4:11)
In contrast Christ is said to be an EXAMPLE also...(Prov. 8:20; Jn. 13:15; 1Cor. 11:1; Php. 3:17; 2Thess. 3:9; Eph. 5:1; 1Pet. 2:21; Tit. 2:11-12; Rom. 6:16,19; 1Jn. 2:29; 3:7)
Even though we have flesh that temps, a sinful world around us and the peer pressure to sin at every turn, it is only TEMPTATION (temptation is not a sin) until the choice is made by an individual to "live according to the flesh" (Rom.8:13). The result of living according to the flesh (Gal. 5:19-21) is [moral and spiritual] "death." (Jas. 1:13-15) This [spiritual] death is DUE to [personal] indulgences in sin. (Rom. 6:23) And just as Adam and Eve [spiritually] "died" in the garden on the DAY they transgressed God (Gen. 2:17), SO WILL WE! (Col. 2:13; 1Tim. 5:6) This is a "relational" separation from God illustrated clearly by Adam and Even getting booted out of the garden being they had to be separated from God since they had committed sin. (Heb. 7:26; 1Jn. 1:5, 3:5)
"Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin...." is clearly stating that Adam brought sin into the world (by his own free will) and spiritual death comes by sin. (Rom. 5:12; Gen. 2:17) "And so death spread to all men, for that ALL HAVE SINNED" is clearly speaking of PERSONAL SIN (i.e. for all have sinned). (Rom. 5:12) Paul could not have been referring to babies since he said they are "innocent" being they have never sinned (Rom. 9:11) nor could he be speaking of the whole human race sinning in Adam since he noted some had sinned in different ways than Adam. (Rom. 5:14) And if physical death is the result from man NOT having access to the "tree of life" then physical death can not come upon a sinner for his own personal sin. Rather, the type of death that comes upon all men for their own personal sin is SPIRITUAL (Rom. 5:12; Gen. 2:17)._______________________________________________________________